• UDAYA BHAASKAR BULUSU

    WITH THE BLESSING OF SRI LALITHA KAMESWARI MAHA TRIPURA SUNDARI

    SUPREME CONTROLLER OF THE UNIVERSE

  • UDAYA BHAASKAR BULUSU CATEGORIES

11. SHIPBUILDING & NAVIGATION

A panel found in Mohenjodaro depicts a Sailing Craft, and Thousands of Years later Ajanta Murals also depict a Sea-Faring Ship. The Science of Shipbuilding and Navigation was well known to Ancient Indians. Sanskrit and Pali texts are replete with Maritime references, and Ancient Indians, particularly from the Coastal Regions, were having Commercial relations with several countries of across the Bay of Bengal like Cambodia, Java, Sumatra, Borneo, and even up to China. Similar Maritime and Trade Relations existed with countries across the Arabian Sea like Arabia, Egypt and Persia.

Even around Circa 500 AD, sextants and mariner’s compass were not unknown to Ancient Indian Shipbuilders and Navigators. J.L. Reid, a member of the Institute of Naval Architects and Shipbuilders, England, at around the beginning of the 20th century has got published in the Bombay Gazetteer that “The early Hindu Astrologers are said to have used the Magnet, in fixing the North and East, in laying Foundations, and other Religious Ceremonies. The Hindu Compass was an Iron Fish that Floated in a Vessel of Oil and pointed to the North. The fact of this Older Hindu Compass seems placed beyond doubt by the Sanskrit word ‘Maccha-Yantra’, or ‘Fish-Machine’, which Molesworth gives as a name for the Mariner’s Compass”.

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